Anthropogenic activities have led to biodiversity reduction and loss of genetic diversity. Biodiversity impacts human health in a number of ways, both positively and negatively. Climate change is another factor which has led to the changes in biodiversity and health risks. In 2004, an international collaborative study on four continents estimated that 10 % of species would become extinct by 2050 because of global warming. The growing demand and lack of drinkable water on the planet presents an additional challenge to the future of human/ animal health. Some of
the health issues influenced by biodiversity include dietary health and nutrition security, infectious disease, medical science and medicinal resources, social and psychological health. Habitat destruction due to overconsumption, overpopulation, land use change, deforestation, and pollution has played a key role in extinctions, especially related to tropical forest destruction.
Fertilizers and pesticides may generate harmful residues in the soil environment, contaminate water, food and organisms, and affect the health of the population, mainly rural workers who use these chemicals. Prolonged exposure to contaminants may increase their negative impacts on the ecosystem due to the higher risks to organisms in the soil and the possible effects on their growth, reproduction and survival. In addition, the contaminants may be absorbed by the soil organisms and be biomagnified in the food webs, which led to loss in biodiversity. In 2006 many species were formally classified as rare or endangered or threatened; moreover, scientists have estimated that millions more species are at risk which has not been formally recognized. About 40 percent of the 40,177 species assessed using the IUCN Red List criteria are now listed as threatened with extinction. A recent study predicts that up to 35% of the world terrestrial carnivores and ungulates will be at higher risk of extinction by 2050 because of the joint effects of predicted climate and landuse change under human development scenarios.
Keeping in view, the National Seminar on Biodiversity: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities is planned. The seminar aims to bring together experts from different disciplines to present state-of-the-art papers, real world applications and innovative techniques for coping with Anthropogenic and climate stress to sustain biodiversity and offering recommendations for planning and implementing strategies for its conservation. It will be an excellent occasion for experts and young scientists to interact with renowned scientists and corporate officials to refine their academic and scientific acumen ship.